Canary farming: which facility?

Canary breeding in captivity has been practiced for many years. Before starting a canary farm, it is necessary to think about having a room and equipment.

Two canaries

Let’s start with the room : this will obviously be related to the number of birds we want to breed. Certainly, not all farmers are on an equal footing. Some have a large ventilated room and optimal natural lighting; others have to be satisfied with a smaller space, sometimes without windows.
Raising in a cellar is possible; I know many well-known breeders who have very well equipped premises in their cellar. We will see below the measures to be taken in order to carry out its breeding and this, in all possible places, provided that the essential elements for reproduction (adequate lighting, permanently renewed air and healthy food) are respected.

The problem many of us face is the lack of space. When you start breeding, there is a strong desire to breed as many birds as possible. After a few years of breeding, it is frequent to notice that amateurs dismantle what they have installed in order to optimize the available space. These are always unnecessary costs, which is why it is advisable, before setting up your premises, to seek advice from other amateurs and also to visit other farms.

Before breeding, it is imperative to have free cages for future young. It is wise to plan an average of 5 to 6 young people per couple. The space to be reserved will therefore be 1/3 of the cages occupied before the breeding and 2/3 of free cages. In the case of aviaries, the proportion of 15 to 18 birds per cubic metre should never be exceeded.

What type of equipment should be used? Cage made of wood, metal, plastic,…? It will be necessary to distinguish, above all, the beginner breeder and the breeder confirmed in his passion, i.e. the breeder who is certain to continue his hobby for many years to come. The beginner, on the other hand, cannot know in advance if he will persevere in the hobby and financial investment risks, if we do not think about it, becoming a chasm – even if we decide to go through second-hand equipment.

For our beginner, the purchase of second-hand equipment is advisable in order to get used to it. For experienced amateurs, the purchase will have been thought out and calculated. But have they thought about the advantages and disadvantages of each type of equipment?

Wooden cages: Undoubtedly the most common cages. They offer the advantage of being inexpensive and, it must be recognized, they are very functional. The problem with this type of cage is usually the drawer, which deteriorates very quickly after a few uses. One solution is to manufacture galvanized drawers yourself in order to extend the life of this type of equipment. These cages offer the advantage that they retain insecticide products very well.
This is a significant advantage when you consider the problems of pest invasion of all kinds experienced by some farmers.

Metal cages:
Very expensive, these cages are relatively rare, but given the cost, their manufacture has required long reflections from manufacturers and, it must be recognized, they are functional and well thought out.
The drawers are higher, preventing waste from blocking them and polluting the room unnecessarily. It also makes cleaning easier. There are even batteries with a kind of paper treadmill that allows easy and always impeccable maintenance.

Plastic cages:
these cages have the same advantages as metal cages, although less solid; they also have the same disadvantage: vermin that appear more quickly than in wooden equipment, since the sprayed insecticide does not stick and therefore remains on the equipment for a shorter time.

Wooden cages with plastic drawers:
this solution seems good in terms of quality/price, although many amateurs complain about the combinations (laminated wood/plastic) because, in the long run, the laminate swells and blocks the drawers. The combination of triplex wood and plastic therefore seems to be the best. This type of cage is often made by the breeders themselves and is sometimes very well designed.